What is a Momentum Indicator | Top Momentum Indicators

A momentum indicator is a technical indicator that measures the speed and magnitude of price changes. These indicators aid us in understanding the power of price fluctuations.

Sometimes, the prices of stocks fall rapidly, while at other times, they may decline slowly. We can analyze the rate of the decline or rise in a particular stock by using momentum indicators. That is what makes Momentum Indicators valuable for short-term and Intraday traders. This blog post will explore the top momentum indicators and how to use them in your trading.

What is a Momentum Indicator?

A momentum indicator is a technical analysis tool that measures the speed and magnitude of price changes. Momentum indicators are used to identify overbought and oversold conditions and trend reversals. There are many different momentum indicators, each with its strengths and weaknesses.

How to Use a Momentum Indicator

A momentum indicator is a tool that measures the strength or speed of a stock’s price movement. It can be used to identify overbought or oversold conditions and to spot potential trend reversals. To use a momentum indicator, you must first identify the time frame you want to trade in. For example, if you’re looking for short-term trades, you would use a shorter time frame, like 1 minute or 5 minutes.

Once you’ve selected your time frame, you need to find the appropriate level for your indicator. This will vary depending on the specific indicator you’re using.

For example, with RSI, below 30 are considered oversold, and above 70 are considered overbought. On the other hand, with the Stochastic Oscillator, below 20 are oversold and above 80 are overbought.

Once you’ve identified the appropriate level for your indicator, you can start looking for trading opportunities. For example, suppose the stock is currently in an uptrend and becomes overbought according to your momentum indicator. In that case, this could signify that the trend is about to reverse. Conversely, suppose the stock is in a downtrend and becomes oversold according to your momentum indicator. In that case, this could be a sign that the downtrend is about to reverse.

Top Momentum Indicators

1.Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD):

MACD is a Momentum Indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages, i.e., 26 EMA and 12 EMA.

MACD momentum Indicator

It is composed in the MACD line as well as it is also known as the signal line. The MACD line represents the difference between 26 EMA and 12 EMA, and the signal line is 9 EMA.

A MACD generates Signals on crossovers.

A MACD is bullish when:

  • It crosses above Zero
  • crosses from below to above the signal line

And Bearish When

  • It Crosses below Zero
  • When Crosses above to below the signal line

2.Rate of Change

Rate of Change Indicator

The rate of change is the rate of change in the price over time. This indicator is a percentage of changes in one variable about the changes in another.

A positive ROC signals that a stock has high momentum. At the same time, a negative ROC suggests that the stock has low momentum.

3.Stochastic Oscillator

Stochastic Oscillator

This Momentum Indicator measures the market’s momentum and the rate of change in the market. It doesn’t take into account the Volume or the price.

Stochastics helps in identifying oversold and overbought zones. It fluctuates between zero to 100. When the indicator is over 80, it’s considered an overbought area, and when it falls lower than 20, it is an oversold area:


RSI Indicator

It is also known as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) and is another popular Momentum Indicator. As the name suggests, RSI provides a critical understanding of strength in a particular script. In other words, RSI shows whether a particular script has momentum. The indicator fluctuates between zero to 100. There are many ways to trade and generate buy and sell signals using RSI 

5.Average Directional Index (ADX)

ADX Indicator

Then finally, the Average Directional Index (ADX) developed by Welles Wilder established the Directional Movement System that consists of the ADX, The Minus Directional Indicator (-DI), and the Directional Plus Indicator (+DI).

The indicators in the group can be used for assessing the speed and direction of price movement.

Traders must know that ADX values of 20 or more indicate an upward market trend. Conversely, when the value is less than 20, it is seen as “directionless” or consolidated.


Momentum indicators are essential tools investors and traders can use to make better-informed decisions. By tracking changes in price momentum, these indicators can give you an edge in identifying potential reversals or breakouts before they happen. While no perfect momentum indicator exists, each has its strengths and weaknesses. The key is finding the best indicator for your investment strategy and risk tolerance.



  • Tricia Scone is a Trading and Investing Enthusiast and has trained thousands of people in various complex courses of finance. She has a unique way of providing Complex Financial knowledge in simpler words. which is why she is regarded as one of the most popular finance coaches in the world.

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