Option Trading| Beginners Guide to Stock Options

If you’re looking to expand your investment portfolio beyond mutual funds, stocks or bonds, options could be a great choice. Options provide you with choices to diversify your portfolio. While the risk can be substantial, so too are the benefits. It’s likely that you’ve been told that starting with options trading is hard or only available to those with the highest level of expertise. However, the truth is that options are something that virtually every investor or trader can try with the right mindset.

What Are Options?

An option is a type of contract which allows (but does not oblige) investors to purchase the underlying instrument such as an ETF, Stock, or index at a specified price for a specified time. Option purchases and sales can be done through the market for options, These Market Trade in securities-based contracts. If you purchase an option that allows you to purchase shares later is known as a “call” option, while purchasing an option that permits the sale of shares at a later date is referred to as a “put” option.

Difference Between Stocks, Futures and Options

They aren’t the same as stocks since they don’t provide ownership to a business. Even though futures are contracts, just like options, they are regarded as less risky because they can be withdrawn (or leave) an option contract at any time. The price of a contract (its price) is, therefore, part of the underlying security or asset.

When selling or buying options, the investor or trader is entitled to exercise the option at any time up to the date of expiration – therefore, simply purchasing or selling an option doesn’t mean that you must take it up at the point of purchase. As a result of this arrangement, the options are classified as derivative securities, which means the price they pay for them is determined by something other than (in this instance, an asset’s value such as stocks, the markets, or other instruments that are the basis of their value). This is why options are typically regarded as more secure than stock (if they are used in a wise manner).

What is the reason an investor would opt for options? It’s because buying options is basically placing bets on stocks in order to rise or fall or to hedge a position on the market.

The price at which you sign an agreement to purchase the underlying security using the option known as”the “strike cost,” along with the cost you must pay to buy this option contract is referred to as”the “premium.” When you determine your strike cost, you’re placing your bets on whether the product (typically an investment) will either go upwards or downwards in value. The amount you pay for the bet is the premium which is a proportion of the value of the asset.

There are two types of options: put and call. These options give the investor the choice (but not the requirement) to buy or sell.

Call Options

Call options are a type of contract which gives the investor the ability to purchase a number of shares (typically 100 shares per contract) of a particular product or security at a certain price for the course of a specified period. A call option could allow the trader to purchase a number of bonds, stocks or other instruments such as ETFs or indexes in the future (by the expiration date of this contract).

If you’re purchasing a call option, that means you’d like the security (or another security) to rise in price, so you can earn profits from the contract by taking advantage of your rights to buy these shares (and typically, immediately sell them to earn the profits).

The cost you pay to purchase an option to call is known as the premium (it’s basically the cost to purchase the contract, which allows you to eventually purchase the security or share). In this regard, the price for the option is similar to an investment that you’d put down on a vehicle or house. When buying the call option you sign a contract with the seller regarding an agreed-upon strike price. You have the option to purchase the security at an agreed price (which isn’t subject to alteration until the term of the contract is over).

Thus it’s very similar to insurance as you pay for a contract which expires at a specific date, however, it is possible to buy securities (like stocks) at a specific price (which doesn’t increase regardless of the price of the stock market rises). However, you’ll have renewed your options (typically on the monthly, weekly and quarterly schedule). This is why options are constantly experiencing what’s known as time decay. This means that their value decreases as time passes.

For call options the less expensive the strike cost, the greater the inherent value of the option is.

Put Options

In contrast, a put option is a contract which gives an investor the ability to sell a set number of shares (again usually 100 shares for each contract) of a specific commodity or security for the specified price over an agreed period of time. Like, call options, however, a put option grants traders the option (but not the obligation) to sell a security prior to the expiration date of the contract.

Like, put options, the amount at which you are willing the sale the share is known as the strike price. it is also the amount you pay in exchange for the put.

Put options function similarly to calls, but you’d like the security to fall in value if you’re buying a put option in the hope of making an income (or you can sell the put option when you believe the price will rise).

Understanding the Options Premium

 The Premium of options can be determined using various models. However, at the core, the prices of trading options are determined by two factors that are intrinsic value and time value.

The intrinsic value of an option represents the potential for profit, based on the gap between its price at the time of the strike and the current value of the asset. The time value can be used to analyze how volatility can affect the value of an asset’s base to the date of expiration.

The price of the stock, the strike price, and the expiration date are all factors in the pricing of options. The intrinsic value of options is determined by the stock price and strike price, while the expiration date may affect the time value.

What is options trading?

Options trading might seem more complex than it actually is. If you’re trying to find an easy definition of the term “options trading It’s something like this:

Options trading involves the trading of instruments that gives you the option to purchase or sell specific security on a certain date at a particular price. The term “option” refers to a type of contract that is tied to an underlying asset e.g. stocks, or other security. Options contracts are suitable for a specific time that could be as brief as a single day or longer than several years.

When you purchase an option, you are granted the option to trade the underlying asset, but you’re not required to. If you choose to make that, this is known as Exercising the option, But an option buyer always has a choice of not exercising the option and Trading the option contract instead, an option contract holder can transfer an option before its expiration date on the market price of the contract, and make profits or incur a loss while doing so.

While the mechanism of option pricing and trading is different, The basic concepts of options trading are similar to trading in stocks, cryptocurrency, and various other financial Instruments. Conversely, Options trading is most common among Day traders, as buying and selling of options, in general, is a short or medium-term process. This is why technical analysts are very fond of Options trading.

If you are an Individual looking to start trading in options I will recommend you start learning about Technical Analysis and Risk management, as option trading requires a good knowledge of Price action and is highly risky for beginners because of its volatile nature

What is buying a put?

If you purchase put, you’re purchasing an option that grants you the possibility of selling an investment by a specified expiration date at a specific price. When buying a put you should consider a few aspects to take into consideration include:

  • How much do you wish to invest
  • What is the timeframe you’d like to invest
  • Expected price changes for the asset that is the basis

Put options may be beneficial if the price of the asset will fall before when the date of expiration. If you purchase put options at a single price at strike, and then the price of the asset drops and you are able to take your options at the strike price you originally purchased.

As an example, suppose you purchase a put to purchase 100 shares of XYZ stock for 50 cents per share. The option expires on the date, and the price decreases to $24 per share. If you decide to opt-out of the option at any time, then you may still sell 100 shares for the greater $50 price per share.

What is buying a call?

If you purchase a call, it means that you’re buying a contract that will buy a specific asset or stock prior to the expiration date. When purchasing call options, it’s crucial to think about the same things you would consider when purchasing put options.

Call options are a good investment sense if you are convinced that the value of the asset is likely to increase prior to the time of expiration. As an example, suppose you purchase a call option to purchase 100 shares of XYZ stock, but this time you’re hoping to see an increase in price.

The contract for call options gives you the ability to purchase shares for $50 each. In the meantime, the price increases to $100 per share. It is possible to utilize a call option to purchase the stock at a lower price


  • Drake Paul is the Co-Founder of Thrive In Trade and many more Educational institutions. For more than nine years, Mr. Paul has been enlightening people with his experience and has helped thousands of people learn the complex art of Technical Analysis and Money Making.

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